India is dreaming as a budding superpower, powerful enough of combating expansionist China. Today, China is already a global power, challenging the techno-military strength of the US and Russia.
India is miles behind in this
race of development. The main reason is India’s gloomy educational and learning
system, passing and producing unemployable and worthless college graduates and
schoolchildren, without any knowledge and skills. A recent report on the status
of education in schools reveals that 55 per cent of students of class 5 and 60 per
cent of students of class 8 cannot do simple division. How can such a nation be
Indian reformers and
educationists have been finding ways to pass the students without knowledge and
skills. Around a decade ago, China used to export mostly labour-made goods made
in factories employing lakhs of workers, like slaves, at very low wages. India
during that period became a powerful exporter of computer software, much
advanced to China in this high-tech field. It had also progressed rapidly as a
world-class exporter of small cars, generic drugs, textiles and refined
Today, China has surged ahead of
India in almost all the areas. China is the world’s biggest manufacturer of
solar cells, aluminium and steel. China has developed the world-class
technology, such as BYD in batteries and Huawei in 5G telecom. China has the
world’s biggest dams and river linking projects. So there is no water shortage.
India so far has not created a
single global champion or become a known global power in any field. Its
prominence in generic drugs has been diminished by mounting dependence on
Chinese active drug ingredients. In the field of the software industry, India
stands nowhere. As eminent columnist Gurcharan Das has pointed out that China’s
achievement is due to its importance on merit and quality education system has
motivated persistently to match the Western countries and succeeded in
producing world-class scholarly output.
China left behind the US in the
number of published academic papers in 2016, though the quality of the
published work was not so high. But Indian universities introduced the ‘Point
System’ under which academicians fraudulently published papers and articles.
China’s R&D expenditure is 2.1 per cent of its GDP, higher than Europe’s
average but less than the US’. India’s R&D budget has languished at around
0.65 per cent of the GDP for two decades. It is short of not just money but
quality for research.
India and Indians also pine for
free and mandatory education but zero quality. Even in India Madarsas, Church
and Gurudwaras controlled educational institutions are recognized. Madarsas’
maulvis and church’s nuns and pastors are recognized as teachers. If this is
the way in which vote bank politics pushes education, India has no future.
In China, authorities employ
teachers on three-year contracts and dismiss them if their work is poor. But in
India, we have an army of permanent teachers who hardly teach but run NGOs and
work for political parties.
Even, in Indian universities
caste and communal outfits have been flourishing. There are SC, ST, OBC,
minorities, Ambedkar, Periyar etc groups indulging in caste and communal politics.
Millions of teaching posts lie vacant but central and state governments prefer
to spend money on caste and communal vote banks, freebies and projects offering
bribes. Even if some government tries to fill the posts, courts stay them, on
one pretext or the other.
No Detention System,
Mid-Day-Meal, Transfer-Posting corruption, reservation, liberal pass policy and
reduced syllabus RTE etc have ruined the Indian education. Private schools are
only money minting shops with unqualified staff. Cheating on exams is
widespread. When the BJP government in Uttar Pradesh passed a tough
anti-copying law in 1993, all the opposition leaders came in favour of
cheaters. Mulayam Yadav openly led a pro-cheating agitation. He won the
election with a clear majority. He argued that without copying the backward
castes cannot compete with Brahmins! He scrapped the anti-copying law on coming
to power in 1994. Now, cheating and paper leakage are an inseparable part of
Indian educational system, just like caste quotas.
Narendra Modi government promised
six new Indian IITs and seven IIMs but no attention is being given for the
standard. Failed students go to courts and caste commissions which always try
to pass the unsuccessful students.
China has well-mannered colleges
and universities in almost all provinces. China and. President Xi is
strong-minded to become world No 1 in education, technology and economic clout.
Raising the standard of education, teaching and research is the top priority of
China for this. Late Deng Xiaoping ordered decades ago that China must motivate
students to study abroad, ignoring senseless fear about a brain drain. It was
an investment for him. After the return, they will develop and enrich the
nation. China has a Thousand Talents scheme based solely on merit to attract
back top-quality out of the country academics with world class amenities and
salaries. China is not guided by the No Detention System, Mid-Day-Meal,
Transfer-Posting corruption, reservation, liberal pass policy and reduced
syllabus RTE etc. This has significantly advanced human capital and bolstered
China’s hi-tech competence.
Compare the higher educational deliberations in
India is stained by the proviso of quotas for sundry castes. All the parties
and states are trying to defeat each other in this quota race. No political
party gives any importance to merit or excellence. We have a powerful lobby
behind SCs, STs, OBCs and minorities, but none for merit and excellence. In
such an environment, excellence will shrivel while quotas and poor standard